MECHANICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY
Required Skills/Job & Salary Outlook

An MET student at work

Program
Objective

Curriculum

Faculty

Tool
List

Required
Skills/Job &
Salary Outloo
k

Apply theory and principles of mechanical engineering to modify, develop, test, or calibrate machinery and equipment under direction of engineering staff or physical scientists.


Sample of reported job titles

Engineering Technician, Mechanical Designer, Research and Development Technician, Engineering Lab Technician, Equipment Engineer, Process Technician, Design Engineer, Designer, Engineering Technical Analyst, Lab Technician, Mechanical Drafter, Automotive Engineering Technicians


Tasks

·         Read dials and meters to determine amperage, voltage, electrical output and input at specific operating temperature to analyze parts performance.

·         Analyze test results in relation to design or rated specifications and test objectives, and modify or adjust equipment to meet specifications.

·         Evaluate tool drawing designs by measuring drawing dimensions and comparing with original specifications for form and function using engineering skills.

·         Devise, fabricate, and assemble new or modified mechanical components for products such as industrial machinery or equipment, and measuring instruments.

·         Discuss changes in design, method of manufacture and assembly, and drafting techniques and procedures with staff and coordinate corrections.

·         Operate drill press, grinders, engine lathe, or other machines to modify parts tested or to fabricate experimental parts for testing.

·         Review project instructions and blueprints to ascertain test specifications, procedures, and objectives, and test nature of technical problems such as redesign.

·         Set up and conduct tests of complete units and components under operational conditions to investigate proposals for improving equipment performance.

·         Review project instructions and specifications to identify, modify and plan requirements fabrication, assembly and testing.

·         Record test procedures and results, numerical and graphical data, and recommendations for changes in product or test methods.


Tools used in this occupation

·         Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Brazing equipment; Gas welding equipment; Oxyacetylene welding equipment; Stick welding machines

·         Gauges or inspection fixtures — Bore gauges; Dial indicators; Ring gauges; Taper plug gauges

·         Milling cutters — Combination milling machines; Computerized numerical control CNC vertical milling machines; Sheet metal slitters; Track burning machines

·         Power grinders — Cylindrical grinders; Pedestal grinders; Surface grinders

·         Screwdrivers — Offset screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers; Slotted screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers


Technology used in this occupation

·         Analytical or scientific software — MSC Software Adams; Spectral Dynamics STARAcoustics; The MathWorks MATLAB; Wolfram Research Mathematica

·         Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD Mechanical; Bentley MicroStation; IBM CATIA V5; SolidWorks CAD software

·         Computer aided manufacturing CAM software — CNC Mastercam; Three-dimensional 3D solid modeling software

·         Development environment software — Microsoft Visual Basic; National Instruments LabVIEW

·         Industrial control software — Computerized numerical control CNC programming software; Robotic control software; Soft Servo Systems LadderWorks PLC


Knowledge

·         Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

·         Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

·         Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

·         Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

·         Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

·         English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

·         Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

·         Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.


Skills

·         Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

·         Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

·         Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

·         Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.

·         Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.

·         Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

·         Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

·         Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

·         Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.

·         Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Abilities

·         Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

·         Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

·         Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

·         Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

·         Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

·         Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

·         Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

·         Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

·         Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

·         Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.


Work Activities

·         Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

·         Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.

·         Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.

·         Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

·         Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.

·         Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.

·         Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

·         Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.

·         Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

·         Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.


Work Context

·         Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?

·         Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?

·         Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?

·         Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?

·         Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

·         Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?

·         Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?

·         Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?

·         Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.

·         Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


Interests

Interest code: RI

·         Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

·         Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.


Work Styles

·         Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

·         Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

·         Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

·         Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

·         Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

·         Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.

·         Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

·         Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.

·         Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

·         Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.


Work Values

·         Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

·         Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

·         Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.


State and National Wages & Employment Trends

Location

Pay
Period

2011

10%

25%

Median

75%

90%

United States

Hourly

$15.83

$19.53

$24.69

$30.42

$36.11

Yearly

$32,900

$40,600

$51,400

$63,300

$75,100

Pennsylvania

Hourly

$16.29

$19.53

$25.35

$32.54

$36.38

Yearly

$33,900

$40,600

$52,700

$67,700

$75,700

 

United States

Employment

Percent
Change

Job Openings 1

2010

2020

Mechanical Engineering Technicians

44,900

46,700

+4%

1,040

Pennsylvania

Employment

Percent
Change

Job Openings 1

2008

2018

Mechanical Engineering Technicians

1,900

1,900

N/A

40

1Job Openings refers to the average annual job openings due to growth and net replacement.


Note: The data for the State Employment Trends and the National Employment Trends are not directly comparable. The projections period for state data is 2008-2018, while the projections period for national data is 2010-2020.


Information provided by CareerOneStop, sponsored by the U. S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration